Can anyone really understand the Holy Trinity? Many people have fought and wrestled and argued over how to understand God through the many different ways that God is revealed in the Scriptures.
We approach this topic from two angles this week. First is the Gospel reading from John 3:1-17. Nicodemus comes to Jesus at night to try and figure out what Jesus is all about. Jesus doesn’t give a direct answer. Instead, he talks about the Holy Spirit, and God’s only Son given for the love of the world.
A Long Struggle to Articulate the Nature of God Faithfully
From there, the church through time has extended and developed its understanding of the nature of God through prayerful study in community. You may have noticed that the word trinity doesn’t actually appear in this reading, nor indeed anywhere in the Bible. Jesus just talks about God, the Son, and the Spirit, but he doesn’t say anything about how they all relate. Are they the same? Are they different? That was left for the following generations to wrestle with.
So, we must turn to how Christians have articulated the one God as three ‘persons’ in the centuries that followed. This is the reason we celebrate Trinity Sunday, the great feast of the church that takes place this week.
Knowing God More Through Understanding the Holy Trinity
Don’t make the mistake of assuming this is just a dry, dusty intellectual exercise! Indeed, the doctrine of the Trinity is the best way the Christian faith has found to capture the heart of a God who is both perfectly united and relationship-driven, willing to dive into the messiness of human existence. Paradoxically, the mystery of the Holy Trinity gives us the clearest possible picture of who God is, and who we are in relationship to God.
Please join us around the virtual table this week for this celebration of God as unity and trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
I hope so! I want to be faithful to the Gospel. I love God tremendously, but I also love indoor plumbing… and pizza delivery and electricity and central heating and the grocery store down the block! Actually, the question goes a lot deeper that. All these things I love are conveniences that, of course, I am prepared to give up if God calls me to it.
Being a modern person is about subscribing to a worldview that challenges what we thought we knew about the Bible. In previous articles, we looked at how this worldview came about. You can read about faith and science here, and biblical criticism here. It is also important to ask if Christians SHOULD engage in these questions. The modern world puts some fundamental challenges in front of us. Does rejecting these challenges make us more faithful to the Gospel?
Searching for Truth and Being Faithful to the Gospel
My less flippant answer is that I think we as Christians need to be modern as well as committed to the Gospel of Jesus Christ. When we pit the Gospel against the questions of the modern world, we lose the fact that we are TRUTH seekers.
Insofar as possible, I want to know the TRUTH of things. I know there are many Christians who feel that it is our first commitment to defend the Bible and the faith against the encroachment of Biblical criticism, new discoveries about cosmology, evolution, insights into racism, and so on. But this surely the wrong attitude to start with.
Freeing Ourselves to Search for Truth
A defensive posture renders us unable to learn and search for truth. Stephen Covey once said, “Most people do not listen with the intent to understand; they listen with the intent to reply.” It takes humility actually to listen to new ideas in order to understand them. This is not to say that every new idea is worth following. But before we pass judgement on them, we first need to understand. We will never understand if we are defensive first.
For me, I want to know truth. I hate the idea of defending what I only WANT to be true. If the book of Isaiah was not written by a single individual, I want to know the truth of it. I want to know if evolution is true and what that means for my faith. If the walls of Jericho didn’t actually fall down, I want to know that. I don’t want to hide from the challenging truth that Christianity has had a long legacy of racism. I refuse to defend what I just want to be true.
There have been tremendous discoveries in the last one hundred years in physics, psychology, political science, medicine, archaeology, and many other fields. As I wrote in an earlier article, liberal theology doesn’t mean throwing away the truths of the Gospel. It means that we admit that modern claims about science and many other fields are generally true, and that we need to have a serious and honest conversation about this new knowledge and how it affects the way in which we read the Bible. Again, the impetus is to be a truth seeker FIRST. Two things need to be said:
1) Being a modern person doesn’t mean that we are uncritical of the modern world.
In fact, the Gospel helps us to see clearly where the problems are. There is much in the modern world that is problematic. Here are just a few examples:
The modern world values celebrity far too highly, to the point of throwing our economies and our understanding of human dignity out of balance. We pay our entertainers and sports heroes scandalous amounts of money while we allow our school systems to go broke.
It is blasphemous that our modern world tolerates the existence of weapons capable of rendering God’s creation unlivable, and that the use of them is considered a live option.
Our high standard of living in the West is based on tremendous waste. This is sown back into the earth, reaping the destruction of species, habitats and entire ecosystems.
One that really stands out to me is the fact that the modern world has no eschatological hope. When I was a younger man, I remember watching the Berlin Wall fall and the Communist world collapse. Political scientist Francis Fukuyama declared to an excited world that we had finally reached the ‘end of history.’ He didn’t meant that there would be no more history, but that out of the upheaval of centuries, the liberal democracies had finally won the day. Our society could look forward to a future of ever-increasing material prosperity and social stability. This is the great secular, modern hope.
A Discerning Faith
In 2020, we see that this hope was illusory. The world economy hasn’t been stable but is still marked by wild fluctuations. Communism may be gone, but different kinds of dangerous nationalism have arisen. We have learned the painful lesson that not every group has bought into the Western secular way of life and is prepared to use terrorist tactics to disrupt and destroy. We are also in the midst of a pandemic, a reminder that nature doesn’t play nice and that we don’t have all the tools to fix our problems.
All of this is to say that, as Christians, we need to point constantly to the fact that salvation must come from outside human history. We need God to bring about the reconciliation of all things. Humanity is not going to accomplish it. To say that we can be modern people as well as people of faith doesn’t mean buying into modernism hook, line and sinker. We need to use our discernment.
2) Being a modern person doesn’t mean that we must reject biblical truth.
We still proclaim the Gospel: that God cares about the world and doesn’t just want to watch as we inflict pain and misery on ourselves. We continuously proclaim that God wants to offer salvation and bring his kingdom of justice, mercy and peace. Along with centuries of Christians, we hold that God has acted in history, and that he has been most fully revealed in the teaching, life, death and resurrection of this amazing God/Man Jesus of Nazareth. In Christ, God calls all people to turn to him, receive forgiveness and new life, and join with him in this great project of reconciliation. This is good news!!
It does mean that the final word about our interpretation and understanding of the biblical witness has not yet been said. As Puritan John Robinson (1576-1625) put it, “The Lord has more truth and light yet to break forth out of his holy Word.” That we have more to learn about God and how to be faithful to the Gospel is the biggest assumption of this whole Lessons of the 20th Century series.
Learning New Ways to be Faithful to the Gospel
I do not need to be defensive because I believe that the truths generated by the challenges of the 20th century have actually given us deeper insights into the good news of what God is doing in Jesus.
I think we see more clearly now the role of peace in the world; the need for equal relations between men and women in the church and in life; the seriousness of the stain of racism; the need for humility in end-time proclamations; how charity to the poor is not enough in itself; why nationalism is opposed to the Gospel; how important it is for Christian churches to work together; why civil rights are a Gospel issue; the importance of the contemplative life; the need to understand our Jewish foundation; a far greater appreciation of the vastness and intricacy of God’s creation; and on and on and on.
We are discovering that the Gospel is deeper and more exciting than previous generations have known. This is not because we are wiser or smarter, but because we stand on their shoulders. In the same way, future generations will stand on our shoulders and be able to see still further. There is always more to learn. This assumption is the foundation on which we at the Hope Canteen are exploring the magnificent Kingdom of God.